Since this is a Humanities course, what does it mean to be human? Science tells us there are other very intelligent creatures such as Sperm Whales, Dolphins, and some Ape species that can learn sign language. What makes us different in terms of our being?
Also, what, to you, is a civilization? Is it the industrialized world? If the industrialized world has technology, infrastructure, banking systems, mass transit, etc, but also has massive war, high crimes, including murders, sex trafficking, robberies, carjacking, etc but a tribe in the Amazon has virtually no technology but very little crime, war, murder, etc, which of the two is more civilized?