Ethics Case Study: To Rescue Others at What Risk?
ACME MedicalCenter has been damaged seriously by a recent hurricane. A helicopter that is trying to rescue people stranded by the hurricane has crashed, hitting the wing of the building where the pediatric unit was located. In the midst of the explosion, fire, and confusion, five people make their way to the roof and wait for rescue. They are Mary, a mother whois carrying her ill infant who was a patient on the unit; Joseph, her husband and the baby’s father; John, a pediatric resident who had been caring for the baby; Margaret, the RN, who was on duty in the pediatric unit; and Peter, a transport employee who was helping to prepare patients for rescue and evacuation.
Mary says to the group, “I think I hear someone crying. Yes, I can hear cries for help. We’ve got to go back down the stairs and help those people!” Dr. John says, “You women stay here. Joseph and I will go back down and see what we can do.” Joseph looks first at his own ill infant and then down the smoke-filled stairs and replies, “I’m not going back down. It’s too risky. The smoke is too thick. We’d never make it through and survive.” Margaret the RN says, “We’ve got to do something; we can’t just let people die. I’d never be able to live with myself. Those are my patients and I need to help them.” Margaret runs down the stairs and disappears. Peter says, “You’re all crazy! In a situation like this it’s every man for himself!”
1. What is the ethical dilemma?
2. What is your value and ethical position related to the case? Include discussion of theory and principles on which your position is based.
3. What are some other alternatives for resolving the problem?
4. What are the possible consequences for those acceptable alternatives?
5. How would you prioritize the acceptable alternatives?
The ethical dilemma in this case, is whether or not it is the ethical responsibility of the individuals that have escaped to the roof, to risk their lives and to go back into the burning building in order to attempt to save the lives of other individuals that they hear screaming for help. Ethically, this situation calls for a decision by the individuals that have made it to the rooftop, as to what would be fair and just in a life-threatening situation of this nature, in respect to whether or not it would be an ultimate justice to preserve the lives that they know that they can save, which are their lives, including an ill infant, or whether it would indeed be more just to risk losing a few more lives in an attempt to rescue …
This solution discusses the ethical dilemma in the case in 515 words.